Now is the winter of our discontent – how the UK is regretting Brexit

Jonathan Faurie
Founder Turnaround Talk

A few years ago, the world was captivated by the whole Marvel Cinematic Universe. Not only were there individual titles, but there were also the Avengers movies which were box office hits. I remember being very eager to watch Avengers: Endgame. I was warned by many people that it would be a waste of my time, but I watched it anyway. I regretted it in the end feeling that I had wasted three hours of my life that I would never get back.

We all make these kinds of decisions in life; decisions that look great on the surface but end in tears because we hadn’t thought through all of the repercussions. How many of these decisions can we trace back to being the root cause of a company’s financial distress.

I remember driving to work in 2016 when the UK held a referendum which voted in favor of the UK leaving the European Union. At the time, I felt as if this was a decision that would come back to haunt the Brits. If we look at the UK situation from a business perspective, and the decision to leave the EU as a root cause of distress, oh how they wish they hadn’t made the 2016 decision now!

I recently read an interesting article on CNN business which traces the UK’s current problems, including the fuel shortage crisis, back to the single decision to leave the EU.

Current issues
The CNN article points out that rising energy bills, higher prices and a critical shortage of workers leading to food and fuel supply constraints are threatening to stall Britain’s recovery from the pandemic.

The crises afflicting the UK economy have sparked talk in newspapers and among politicians of a looming winter of discontent, a reference to the wave of strike action in 1978-79 that brought the British economy to its knees. There’s even talk of stagflation, the nightmare combination of stagnant growth and high inflation.

Although shortages, supply chain delays and rising food and energy costs are affecting several major economies, including the United States, China and Germany, Britain is suffering more than most because of Brexit.

Supply chain challenges have left UK shelves empty
Photo By: New York Times

The article adds that, specifically, the form of Brexit pursued by the UK government — which introduced stringent immigration policies and took Britain out the EU market for goods and energy, making it much harder for British companies to hire European workers and much more costly for them to do business with the country’s single biggest trading partner.

It didn’t have to be this way — there were other options for a future EU-UK relationship. Worker shortages, for example, were not an inevitable outcome of Brexit, nor was going it alone on energy. But in Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s ideological rush to “get Brexit done” amid fraught negotiations with the European Union, agreements in several crucial areas, including energy, were sidelined.

The UK government’s post-Brexit immigration system, meanwhile, was designed to reduce the numbers of unskilled workers coming to Britain and end what the government described as the country’s “reliance on cheap, low-skilled labor,” despite a domestic unemployment rate in the region of just 5%.

“Ultimately, the government made a political decision to make low-skilled immigration more difficult,” said Joe Marshall, a senior researcher at the Institute for Government, an independent think tank. “Labor shortages may have been less severe if the UK had retained free movement of people post-Brexit,” he added.

The article pointed out that Britain had a record 1 million job vacancies between June and August, according to the Office for National Statistics. Restaurants, pubs and supermarkets, including Nando’s, had to temporarily close some locations last month due to staff shortages or because certain ingredients weren’t delivered as a result of fewer truck drivers.

The adult social care sector also faces a “workforce crisis” and will need to recruit overseas workers to fill tens of thousands of vacancies, according to Care England, which represents independent providers.

Supply chain constraints exacerbated by Brexit means that UK consumers are facing surging food and energy bills at the same time that pandemic support measures are being unwound, including government support for wages and a £20 ($27) weekly uplift to social security payments.

Truck driver shortage
The article adds that, at the end of September, the UK government was forced to partly back track on its stringent post-Brexit immigration policy after thousands of gas stations ran dry over the weekend and food retailers warned that the country had just 10 days to “save Christmas.”

In an interview with broadcasters on Tuesday, Transport Secretary Grant Shapps acknowledged that Brexit “no doubt will have been a factor” in contributing to the fuel supply crisis.

The article points out that, to ease the pressure, the government will issue temporary visas to 10 500 foreign truck drivers and poultry industry workers. But industry groups say the measure won’t make much difference, in part because it’s unclear whether EU workers want to come back to a country that’s become more hostile to their presence.

“The UK is unlikely to be attractive to foreign drivers [who] have understandably elected to be with their families because of a combination of Covid and Brexit,” said Tim Doggett, CEO of the Chemical Business Association, whose members have also experienced shortages of vital materials.

“In addition, conditions of services and roadside facilities for drivers are better [in Europe],” he added.

British Chambers of Commerce President Ruby McGregor-Smith said that even if short-term visas attract the maximum numbers allowed, “it will not be enough to address the scale of the problem that has now developed in our supply chains.” She likened it to “throwing a thimble of water on a bonfire.”

The CNN article adds that the UK military is now preparing to help deliver fuel amid warnings from the British Medical Association that healthcare workers, including ambulance drivers, won’t be able to do their jobs as pumps run dry, although the Petrol Retailers Association has said that there are “early signs that the crisis at pumps is ending.”

The shortage of drivers has been exacerbated by Brexit, which resulted in tens of thousands of EU nationals leaving trucking jobs and other occupations in the United Kingdom. Johnson’s decision to end the free movement of workers following Brexit has also made it more difficult for Europeans who had returned home during the pandemic to come back.

While many have a right to remain in Britain, they have been made to feel “pretty unwelcome” because of Brexit, said L. Alan Winters, founding director of the UK Trade Policy Observatory at the University of Sussex.

“Covid was just the straw that broke the camel’s back, in the sense that things have just become less pleasant here [for EU workers],” he added.

The article points out that the exodus of workers is a major problem for many sectors, which over four decades of EU membership had come to rely on a steady inflow of labor.

“The supply of EU labor was turned off with no clear roadmap as to how this transition would be managed without disruption to services and supply chains,” said McGregor-Smith. “A managed transition, with a plan agreed between government and business, should have been in place from the outset.”

UK clothing retailer Next (NXGPY) said on Wednesday that without “some relaxation of immigration rules” it risked disruption to its business before Christmas because of the difficulty of recruiting seasonal warehouse and logistics staff.

It added that the truck driver shortage had been “widely predicted for months.”

“For the sake of the wider UK economy, we hope that the government will take a more decisive approach to the looming skills crisis in warehouses, restaurants, hotels, care homes, and many seasonal industries,” the company said in an earnings report.

The truck driver shortage has caused the UK Energy Crisis
Photo By: Getty Images

Food supply vulnerable
The article adds that a recent Grant Thornton report commissioned by the food and drink industry estimated that there are in excess of 500,000 vacancies across the sector.

Farms and food processors have been forced to cut back production or simply let crops go to waste because they don’t have enough workers. That’s leading to reduced ranges of products at supermarkets and in some cases empty shelves.

“The labor crisis is a Brexit issue, and one that has been widely reported across the food and drink sector,” Richard Griffiths, chief executive of the British Poultry Council, said in a statement last month.

The CNN article points out that, according to Nick Allen, the CEO of the British Meat Processors Association (BMPA), a lot of farmers simply haven’t reared turkeys in the lead up to Christmas because labor supply was so uncertain.

“There will be a shortage [of turkeys],” Allen told CNN Business, adding that other Christmas favorites such as gammon and pigs-in-blankets (sausages wrapped in bacon), will likely also be in short supply.

Data from Adimo, a shopping technology platform that tracks consumer interest in 300 brands, shows that the percentage of products out of stock in UK supermarkets is reaching levels experienced in March 2020, when shoppers were panic buying as coronavirus cases climbed.

The company predicts that by early December, UK shoppers will experience worse grocery shortages than at the peak of the pandemic last year.

Alcohol, dairy, meats and frozen foods are going to be the most affected, according to Adimo CEO Richard Kelly. “A lack of choice and rising supply chain costs will all affect the price customers have to pay for their weekly or Christmas shop,” Kelly added.

Increasing wages on farms and in food processing plants to attract more British workers will also eventually filter through to higher prices, said Allen. “We all want a high wage economy … but somebody has to pay for it.”

Paying school fees
We have all paid school fees during our lifetime that can be traced back to a single decision that was made. Speaking to a very experienced rescue practitioner over the weekend, he had some very serious war stories about the school fees he paid as a rescue practitioner.

The secret is that BRPs need to take the decisions that distressed companies make and turn them into government school fees (a very mild form of financial distress) rather than private school fee (significant financial distress).